Goshono Jomon Park

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About Goshono Site

Goshono Site

Overview

Area: 75,842m2
Designation: December 21, 1993
Additional Designation: July 28, 2006

Goshono was the site of a major settlement for about five centuries in the latter half of the Middle Jomon (4000-4500BP). This settlement was harmonized with its natural environs. Dwellings were located on an east-west plateau and in the low hills to its east. Goshono was located near the southern edge of the cultural zone stretching from northern Tohoku into southern Hokkaido and characterized by cylindrical (ento) pottery. As such, its culture was also strongly influenced by the Daigi pottery style and associated cultural sphere to the south, as evidenced by the presence of Daigi-type earthenware and a circular settlement in the center of the site. To the north is a gravesite with artificial stone formations, while to the south a raised area served as grounds for ritual disposal of important items.

 

The following introduces articles and other published materials on Goshono site

 ” The Restoration of Jomon Settlement at Goshono Site ” (PDF 1.78MB)

 ” Reconstruction of a Jomon Period Sod Roof Pit House ” (PDF 1.49MB)

 ” An Archaeological Settlement Analysis of Goshono Site ” (PDF 661KB)

Site History

FY1989
Initial excavations performed as part of a plan to prepare land for an agricultural and industrial park. Discovery of Jomon-era stone formations and ancient tumuli (makki kofun) is top news in Iwate’s major daily, Iwate Nippo, sparking public interest in preservation of the site.
FY1990
Excavations to determine the site’s extent unearth the remains of nearly 200 pit dwellings on its east side.
FY1991
Discovery of pit dwellings on the west side confirm habitation of the entire plateau, leading to the official decision for site preservation.
FY1992
Excavations of the site’s center reveal large-scale land formation near the stone formations, which are determined to be the center of the settlement.
FY1993
Goshono designated a National Historic Site.
FY1994
Public purchase of designated lands begins. Exploration made of large central dwellings and earthfast-posthole construction structures. Basic site management vision formulated.
FY1995
Public purchase of designated lands completed. Basic site management plan formulated.
FY1996
Surveys of pit dwellings for restoration begin. Multiple burned dwellings discovered on the west side. Earth-roofed dwellings confirmed. Public purchase of surrounding lands begins. Basic site management architecture composed.
FY1997
Site management and preservation plan implemented (continues until FY2000). Public purchase of surrounding lands continues. Land development for historical park begins. Eastern site area of planned facility surveyed. Experimental restoration of earth-roofed dwelling.
FY1998
Guidance facility completed. Public purchase of surrounding lands completed. Center and east of site surveyed.
FY1999
Jomon dwelling reconstructed. Central facility constructed and land prepared for historic park. Earth-roofed building burning experiment conducted. KiKiKi suspension bridge constructed.
FY2000
Construction of museum and displays begins.
FY2001
Construction of museum and displays continues. KiKiKi suspension bridge improved.
FY2002
Goshono Jomon Park opens.
FY2003
100,000th visitor.
FY2004
Central area excavated for the purpose of restoration. Western hills surveyed to determine extent of remains.
FY2005
Central area excavated for the purpose of restoration. Western hills (“Jomon no Mori”) surveyed to determine extent of remains.
FY2006
Western hills added to site designation. 200,000th visitor. Earthfast postholes of two central buildings restored.
FY2007
Tentative List dossier for the “Jomon Archaeological Sites in Hokkaido, Northern Tohoku, and other regions” submitted to the Agency for Cultural Affairs by Akita, Aomori, Iwate, and Hokkaido.
FY2008
Agency for Cultural Affairs registers “Jomon Archaeological Sites in Hokkaido, Northern Tohoku, and other regions” to Japan’s World Heritage Tentative List. Property added to UNESCO’s Tentative List January 5, 2009.
FY2009
Promotion Headquarters established by the four prefectures and twelve municipalities. Promotional and experts’ committees begin work. Raised earth area surveyed. Research fellow system established and five fellows named to promote multifaceted research on Goshono.
FY2010
Experts’ symposium held in Ichinohe.
FY2011
Two UNESCO representatives visit Goshono in conjunction with Promotion Headquarters-sponsored international conference.
FY2012
Four UNESCO representatives visit Goshono in conjunction with international conference.

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E-mail goshono@town.ichinohe.iwate.jp

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